Education is one of the most important things in the world, alongside health, food, shelter, clean water. One can probably argue that education should not be on the same level of importance with these other needs which are vital, but education could be the one tool that can help everybody meet these needs.
Through education, the future adults are shaped and through them the future of the society is shaped. This is why the access to education should be one of the priorities of each and every government, when talking about long term development plans.
Education has a great impact on the economic growth. Researches show that education brings a high contribution in the productivity growth. An educated labor force is more mobile and adaptable, more able to use different and new technologies, more creative in finding new ways to solve problems, to learn from one another as skills beget skills.
Education has a great impact on health through teachings that allow children to learn specifically about health and help them to choose healthier behaviour. It is proven that more educated societies experience lower morbidity from the most common acute and chronic diseases (high blood pressure, diabetes etc), better physical and mental functioning.
Education has a great impact on society. It improves the wellbeing of people by increasing the employment, the social status and the income. Education brings more understanding of nature, as well as of our place in it. Over the time, through education, many discoveries have been made, many inventions have been created, many innovative ideas have been brought to life. Social reforms have been possible because of education.
The Social Progress Imperative has compiled a research on basic education levels throughout the world and presented it in the Social Progress Index. One of the components of this index is Access to basic knowledge, which is calculated based on adult literacy rate (% of pop. aged 15+), primary school enrollment (% of children), lower secondary school enrollment (% of children), upper secondary school enrollment (% of children), gender parity in secondary enrollment (girls/boys). Basically, this report ranks the countries based on the scores they received on these indicators.
When looking at the first 10 positions, The 2016 report shows that Japan (1) and France(4) maintained their ranks for the last 3 years, while Canada(2) went up 16 positions since the 2015 report, Estonia(7) went up 15 positions and Slovenia(10) went up 11 positions.
Here are the top 10 countries in the 2016 SPI report:
Does it look like education have impact on the development of a country? Give us your thoughts in the comments below.